To use a motor vehicle legally on the road, it must meet certain legislation and construction requirements. These also apply for e-scooters, meaning they would need to be registered, insured, taxed and comply with all the relevant safety standards.

Unless a privately owned e-scooter, and its rider, could meet all the required legislation, using one on the road is illegal.

Separate rules apply for those used in designated official e-scooter trial areas, where rental e-scooters may be used on the highway.

Use an e-scooter on the pavement in modern times and you run the risk of a fixed penalty notice. 

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